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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

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Table 14 Summary statistics on predictors in the regression analysis

From: Agricultural Modernization, Structural Change and Pro-poor Growth: Policy Options for the Democratic Republic of Congo

Variable Rural Urban National
Mean Standard deviation Mean Standard deviation Mean Standard deviation
Household composition       
 Household size (log) 1.576 0.62 1.493 0.60 1.531 0.61
 Share of kids in the household 0.181 0.18 0.195 0.18 0.189 0.18
 Share of young in the household 0.454 0.25 0.460 0.25 0.457 0.25
 Share of adults in the household 0.505 0.25 0.493 0.25 0.499 0.25
 Participation in off-farm activities (share) 0.578 0.28 0.888 0.21 0.720 0.29
 Age of household head (log) 3.741 0.31 3.699 0.33 3.718 0.32
 Squared age (log) 14.095 2.33 13.794 2.44 13.932 2.40
 Years of education (log) 2.099 0.53 1.758 0.59 1.923 0.59
 Squared years of education (log) 4.687 1.90 3.438 1.83 4.043 1.96
Farm structure       
 Farm-labor relationship       
  Household head or spouse 0.250 Binary 0.632 Binary 0.457 Binary
  Other household members 0.025 Binary 0.027 Binary 0.026 Binary
  Wage workers 0.005 Binary 0.008 Binary 0.006 Binary
  Sharecropper 0.000 Binary 0.002 Binary 0.001 Binary
  Other 0.003 Binary 0.003 Binary 0.003 Binary
 Male head with spouse without rights on land 0.803 Binary 0.834 Binary 0.820 Binary
 Female head holding rights on land 0.003 Binary 0.001 Binary 0.002 Binary
 Male head with spouse with rights on land 0.004 Binary 0.007 Binary 0.005 Binary
 Farm tools 0.816 Binary 0.985 Binary 0.908 Binary
 Credit 0.092 Binary 0.118 Binary 0.106 Binary
Regional characteristics       
 Farming system 0.333 Binary 0.154 Binary 0.236 Binary
 Household index 0.835 1.10 −0.382 0.47 0.174 1.02
 Unemployment rate 5.654 4.68 3.539 2.30 4.506 3.74
  1. Source: Author’s calculation