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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Journal of Economic Structures Cover Image

Table 5 Distribution of consumption by expenditure group (percent)

From: Agricultural Modernization, Structural Change and Pro-poor Growth: Policy Options for the Democratic Republic of Congo

Products Expenditure group (decile)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Food consumption 72.1 72.0 71.8 71.1 70.2 68.9 71.3 68.0 64.8 52.7
 Marketed 40.1 40.2 41.8 42.3 43.9 47.1 51.7 51.5 54.8 48.5
 Home-produced consumption 32.0 31.8 30.0 28.8 26.3 21.8 19.6 16.5 10.0 4.2
Beverage and tobacco 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.8 2.2 2.8 1.9
Clothing and footwear 3.5 3.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.2 4.7 4.3 6.0
Housing, electricity, gas, water 15.8 14.3 13.6 12.9 14.0 13.7 12.3 13.2 13.8 16.2
Medical care 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 3.1 2.5 3.0 2.9 4.2
Transportation and communications 0.2 0.7 0.8 1.3 1.5 2.1 1.7 2.8 3.9 8.6
Education 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7 3.0
Recreation and culture 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.2
Restaurant and hotels 0.9 0.7 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.3 2.2 2.8
Other services 1.1 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.8 3.3
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  1. Source: Author’s calculations, based on the 2005 household and informal producer survey (Enquête 1-2-3)