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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 3 Selected studies using the Malmquist-Luenberger productivity index to analyze TFP growth

From: Baseline analysis of productivity changes with and without considering carbon dioxide emissions in the major manufacturing sector of Indonesia

Authors Topics    TFP growth
Unit of analysis Period Without undesirable output (%) With undesirable output (%)
1. Chung et al. [13] Swedish pulp and paper industry: Firm 1986–1990 −0.3 3.9
 Inputs: labor, wood fiber, energy, capital
 Desirable outputs: pulp
 Undesirable outputs: BOD, COD, and SS
2. Färe et al. [14] US State manufacturing air pollution emission: Industry 1974–1986 16.9 36.3
 Inputs: employees, capital
 Desirable output: Gross State Product
 Undesirable outputs: SOx, CO
3. Kumar [18] 41 developed and developing countries: Country 1971–1992 −0.002 0.02
 Inputs: labor, capital, energy consumption
 Desirable output: GDP
 Undesirable output: CO2
4. Zhang et al. [20] China’s 30 provincial regions: Province 1989–2008 4.84 2.46
 Inputs: labor, capital
 Desirable output: GDP
 Undesirable output: SO2
5. He et al. [16] China’s iron and steel industry: Firm 2006–2008 19.2 19.8
 Inputs: net fixed assets, employees, energy
 Desirable output: value added
 Undesirable output: waste water, waste gas, solid waste
  1. TFP total factor productivity, GDP gross domestic product, BOD biochemical oxygen demand, COD chemical oxygen demand, SS suspended solids, SOx sulphur oxide