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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 4 Descriptive statistics of the variables used for all periods

From: Baseline analysis of productivity changes with and without considering carbon dioxide emissions in the major manufacturing sector of Indonesia

Variable code Description Unit Mean Standard deviation
Period of 1990–1995    
k Capital Thousands of US dollar 450.80 1691.45
l Labor wage Thousands of US dollar 263.94 873.13
m Raw material Thousands of US dollar 607.63 2774.68
v Value added Thousands of US dollar 317.11 1370.26
CO2 CO2 emissions Tons CO2 equivalent 584.88 2113.26
Y Environmental productivity change over time % 1.15 2.72
Energydep Energy dependency % 2 0.02
Fuelprice Fuel price US dollar/tons of oil eq. 40.88 16.17
Elecprice Electricity price US dollar/tons of oil eq. 152.99 82.46
No. of observations 9336    
Period of 1998–2000    
k Capital Thousands of US dollar 352.88 1530.00
l Labor wage Thousands of US dollar 86.35 404.82
m Raw material Thousands of US dollar 596.34 3302.94
v Value added Thousands of US dollar 381.29 3211.77
CO2 CO2 emissions Tons CO2 equivalent 666.49 2229.87
Y Environmental productivity change over time % 1.10 1.10
Energydep Energy dependency % 5 0.06
Fuelprice Fuel price US dollar/tons of oil eq. 67.47 25.99
Elecprice Electricity price US dollar/tons of oil eq. 194.83 97.90
No. of observations 4668    
Period of 2003–2006    
k Capital Thousands of US dollar 127.14 408.26
l Labor wage Thousands of US dollar 86.27 216.78
m Raw material Thousands of US dollar 236.26 1489.42
v Value added Thousands of US dollar 119.65 583.46
CO2 CO2 emissions Tons CO2 equivalent 282.02 1434.19
Y Environmental productivity change over time % 1.154 1.04
Energydep Energy dependency % 8 0.08
Fuelprice Fuel price US dollar/tons of oil eq. 215.66 104.18
Elecprice Electricity price US dollar/tons of oil eq. 696.57 431.92
No. of observations 3296    
Period of 2008–2010    
k Capital Thousands of US dollar 120.00 441.86
l Labor wage Thousands of US dollar 84.76 253.55
m Raw material Thousands of US dollar 298.67 1924.40
v Value added Thousands of US dollar 119.50 385.95
CO2 CO2 emissions Tons CO2 equivalent 243.63 1054.26
Y Environmental productivity change over time % 1.08 0.56
Energydep Energy dependency % 13 0.12
Fuelprice Fuel price US dollar/tons of oil eq. 518.55 186.15
Elecprice Electricity price US dollar/tons of oil eq. 1007.62 660.44
No. of observations 2472