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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 9 Factors associated with changes in environmental productivity

From: Baseline analysis of productivity changes with and without considering carbon dioxide emissions in the major manufacturing sector of Indonesia

Independent variables Periods
1990–1994 1998–2000 2003–2006 2008–2010
Energydep −0.1222 −0.3973 −0.3792 −0.1314
Fuelprice 0.0011 −0.0011 −0.0005b −0.0000
Elecprice −0.0004 −0.0000 −0.0000 −0.0000c
dsec1 0.1256 −0.1876a −0.1629 −0.0857c
dsec2 −0.0012 −0.0040 −0.1773 −0.1253b
dsec3 −0.1320 −0.1299c −0.0391 −0.0349
dsec4 −0.2077c −0.0842 −0.4547a −0.0169
dsec5 −0.0154 −0.0428 −0.1086 −0.0408
Constant 1.0805 1.0757 1.0976 1.2024
Number of observations 7795 3118 2451 1634
  1. aA variable is significant at a 1 % level of significance
  2. bA variable is significant at a 5 % level of significance
  3. cA variable is significant at a 10 % level of significance