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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Demand for industrial and commercial electricity: evidence from Japan

   Electricity demand (in million kWh) Relative price (2005 = 100) Real output production (in million JPY) Cooling degree days Heating degree days
   Industrial sector Commercial sector   Industrial sector Commercial sector   
Average 1990 10,112 4,262 117 8,943,656 10,049,099 413 1,048
Std. dev 9,392 5,396 6 9,889,648 18,385,003 163 411
Maximum 42,792 31,506 133 46,138,439 121,863,337 864 2,239
Minimum 1,500 844 106 1,375,526 1,811,306 45 5
Average 2000 11,022 5,735 113 8,432,465 11,948,567 412 1,140
Std. dev 9,622 6,683 2 8,255,411 19,724,913 140 533
Maximum 43,723 38,927 115 38,401,273 129,514,356 840 2,769
Minimum 1,983 1,267 105 1,518,385 2,242,982 66 3
Average 2010 10,263 6,517 98 7,399,825 12,716,041 492 1,267
Std. dev 7,893 8,148 2 7,140,113 21,573,747 137 467
Maximum 36,498 46,915 101 38,685,024 142,662,585 909 2,591
Minimum 2,234 1,358 95 919,587 2,238,356 124 122
Average 1990–2010 10,308 5,600 111 8,320,428 11,739,197 367 1,106
Std. dev 8,970 6,912 10 8,417,260 19,608,941 176 471
Maximum 44,794 51,064 138 48,409,634 150,583,835 1,186 2,769
Minimum 1,129 833 94 919,587 1,800,189 0 0
  1. Source: Energy Consumption Statistics by Prefecture (METI) and Annual Report on Prefectural Accounts (Cabinet Office)