Skip to main content

The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 6 \(\hbox {CO}_2\) clusters with the highest within-cluster emissions (Kt \(\hbox {CO}_2\) eq.) induced by the final demand of the US transport dataset for the following two cases: the Kagawa et al. (2015) clustering and the robustest clustering of the experiment (\(\xi =0.3\))

From: The robustest clusters in the input–output networks: global \(\hbox {CO}_2\) emission clusters

Rank Kagawa et al. (2015) Experiment (\(\xi =0.3\))
Cluster name Industrial sectors Within-cluster sum Cluster name Industrial sectors Within-cluster sum
1 American and polonese cluster USA: Mining and Quarrying 49,201 American cluster (C1) USA: Mining and Quarrying 164,072
   USA: Pulp, Paper, Paper, Printing and Publishing    USA: Pulp, Paper, Paper, Printing and Publishing  
   USA: Coke, Refined Petroleum and Nuclear Fuel    USA: Coke, Refined Petroleum and Nuclear Fuel  
   USA: Chemicals and Chemical Products    USA: Chemicals and Chemical Products  
   USA: Rubber and Plastics    USA: Rubber and Plastics  
   USA: Other Non-Metallic Mineral    USA: Other Non-Metallic Mineral  
   USA: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal    USA: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal  
   USA: Transport Equipment    USA: Wood and Products of Wood and Cork  
   USA: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply    USA: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply  
   USA: Wholesale Trade and Commission Trade,    USA: Wholesale Trade and Commission Trade,  
   Except of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles    Except of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles  
   USA: Inland Transport    USA: Inland Transport  
   USA: Other Supporting and Auxiliary Transport    USA: Retail Trade, Except of Motor Vehicles and  
   Activities; Activities of Travel Agencies    Motorcycles; Repair of Household Goods  
   USA: Financial Intermediation    USA: Construction  
   USA: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities    USA: Air Transport  
   POL: Mining and Quarrying    USA: Other Supporting and Auxiliary Transport  
   POL: Coke, Refined Petroleum and Nuclear Fuel    Activities; Activities of Travel Agencies  
   POL: Chemicals and Chemical Products    USA: Post and Telecommunications  
   POL: Rubber and Plastics    USA: Financial Intermediation  
   POL: Other Non-Metallic Mineral    USA: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities  
   POL: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal    USA: Other Community, Social and Personal Services  
   POL: Machinery, Nec     
   POL: Electrical and Optical Equipment     
   POL: Transport Equipment     
   POL: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply     
   POL: Wholesale Trade and Commission Trade,     
   Except of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles     
   POL: Retail Trade, Except of Motor Vehicles and     
   Motorcycles; Repair of Household Goods     
   POL: Inland Transport     
   POL: Real Estate Activities     
   POL: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities     
   POL: Other Community, Social and Personal Services     
2 Big cluster (664 elements) 18,488 Chinese cluster (C2) CHN: Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing 13,035
      CHN: Mining and Quarrying  
      CHN: Food, Beverages and Tobacco  
      CHN: Textiles and Textile Products  
      CHN: Wood and Products of Wood and Cork  
      CHN: Pulp, Paper, Paper, Printing and Publishing  
      CHN: Coke, Refined Petroleum and Nuclear Fuel  
      CHN: Chemicals and Chemical Products  
      CHN: Rubber and Plastics  
      CHN: Other Non-Metallic Mineral  
      CHN: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal  
      CHN: Machinery, Nec  
      CHN: Electrical and Optical Equipment  
      CHN: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply  
      CHN: Hotels and Restaurants  
      CHN: Inland Transport  
      CHN: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities  
3 Chinese cluster CHN: Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing 12,805 Rest of the world cluster (C3) DNK: Water Transport 5963
   CHN: Mining and Quarrying    FRA: Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing  
   CHN: Food, Beverages and Tobacco    FRA: Food, Beverages and Tobacco  
   CHN: Textiles and Textile Products    FRA: Wood and Products of Wood and Cork  
   CHN: Leather, Leather and Footwear    FRA: Pulp, Paper, Paper, Printing and Publishing  
   CHN: Pulp, Paper, Paper, Printing and Publishing    FRA: Coke, Refined Petroleum and Nuclear Fuel  
   CHN: Coke, Refined Petroleum and Nuclear Fuel    FRA: Chemicals and Chemical Products  
   CHN: Chemicals and Chemical Products    FRA: Rubber and Plastics  
   CHN: Rubber and Plastics    FRA: Other Non-Metallic Mineral  
   CHN: Other Non-Metallic Mineral    FRA: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal  
   CHN: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal    FRA: Machinery, Nec  
   CHN: Machinery, Nec    FRA: Electrical and Optical Equipment  
   CHN: Electrical and Optical Equipment    FRA: Transport Equipment  
   CHN: Transport Equipment    FRA: Manufacturing, Nec; Recycling  
   CHN: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply    FRA: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply  
   CHN: Inland Transport    FRA: Sale, Maintenance and Repair of Motor Vehicles  
   CHN: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities    and Motorcycles; Retail Sale of Fuel  
      FRA: Wholesale Trade and Commission Trade,  
      Except of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles  
      FRA: Retail Trade, Except of Motor Vehicles and  
      Motorcycles; Repair of Household Goods  
      FRA: Hotels and Restaurants  
      FRA: Inland Transport  
      FRA: Financial Intermediation  
      FRA: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities  
      FRA: Other Community, Social and Personal Services  
      KOR: Water Transport  
      ROW: Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing  
      ROW: Mining and Quarrying  
      ROW: Food, Beverages and Tobacco  
      ROW: Wood and Products of Wood and Cork  
      ROW: Pulp, Paper, Paper, Printing and Publishing  
      ROW: Chemicals and Chemical Products  
      ROW: Rubber and Plastics  
      ROW: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal  
      ROW: Machinery, Nec  
      ROW: Electrical and Optical Equipment  
      ROW: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply  
      ROW: Wholesale Trade and Commission Trade,  
      Except of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles  
      ROW: Retail Trade, Except of Motor Vehicles and  
      Motorcycles; Repair of Household Goods  
      ROW: Hotels and Restaurants  
      ROW: Inland Transport  
      ROW: Water Transport  
      ROW: Air Transport  
      ROW: Other Supporting and Auxiliary Transport  
      Activities; Activities of Travel Agencies  
      ROW: Post and Telecommunications  
      ROW: Financial Intermediation  
      ROW: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities  
      ROW: Other Community, Social and Personal Services  
4 Rest of the world cluster ROW: Mining and Quarrying 4278 Indian cluster (C4) IND: Textiles and Textile Products 1570
   ROW: Rubber and Plastics    IND: Wood and Products of Wood and Cork  
   ROW: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal    IND: Pulp, Paper, Paper, Printing and Publishing  
   ROW: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply    IND: Coke, Refined Petroleum and Nuclear Fuel  
   ROW: Inland Transport    IND: Chemicals and Chemical Products  
   ROW: Water Transport    IND: Rubber and Plastics  
   ROW: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities    IND: Other Non-Metallic Mineral  
      IND: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal  
      IND: Machinery, Nec  
      IND: Electrical and Optical Equipment  
      IND: Transport Equipment  
      IND: Manufacturing, Nec; Recycling  
      IND: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply  
      IND: Construction  
      IND: Inland Transport  
      IND: Post and Telecommunications  
      IND: Financial Intermediation  
      IND: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities  
      ROW: Manufacturing, Nec; Recycling  
5 Canadian cluster CAN: Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing 2110 Mexican cluster MEX: Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing 1302
   CAN: Mining and Quarrying    MEX: Mining and Quarrying  
   CAN: Food, Beverages and Tobacco    MEX: Food, Beverages and Tobacco  
   CAN: Wood and Products of Wood and Cork    MEX: Textiles and Textile Products  
   CAN: Pulp, Paper, Paper, Printing and Publishing    MEX: Wood and Products of Wood and Cork  
   CAN: Coke, Refined Petroleum and Nuclear Fuel    MEX: Pulp, Paper, Paper, Printing and Publishing  
   CAN: Chemicals and Chemical Products    MEX: Coke, Refined Petroleum and Nuclear Fuel  
   CAN: Rubber and Plastics    MEX: Chemicals and Chemical Products  
   CAN: Other Non-Metallic Mineral    MEX: Rubber and Plastics  
   CAN: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal    MEX: Other Non-Metallic Mineral  
   CAN: Machinery, Nec    MEX: Basic Metals and Fabricated Metal  
   CAN: Electrical and Optical Equipment    MEX: Machinery, Nec  
   CAN: Transport Equipment    MEX: Electrical and Optical Equipment  
   CAN: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply    MEX: Transport Equipment  
   CAN: Wholesale Trade and Commission Trade,    MEX: Wholesale Trade and Commission Trade,  
   Except of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles    Except of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles  
   CAN: Retail Trade, Except of Motor Vehicles and    MEX: Retail Trade, Except of Motor Vehicles and  
   Motorcycles; Repair of Household Goods    Motorcycles; Repair of Household Goods  
   CAN: Inland Transport    MEX: Inland Transport  
   CAN: Water Transport    MEX: Manufacturing, Nec; Recycling  
   CAN: Air Transport    MEX: Electricity, Gas and Water Supply  
   CAN: Other Supporting and Auxiliary Transport    MEX: Hotels and Restaurants  
   Activities; Activities of Travel Agencies    MEX: Sale, Maintenance and Repair of Motor  
   CAN: Post and Telecommunications    Vehicles and Motorcycles; Retail Sale of Fuel  
   CAN: Financial Intermediation    MEX: Financial Intermediation  
   CAN: Real Estate Activities    MEX: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities  
   CAN: Renting of M&Eq and Other Business Activities     
   CAN: Other Community, Social and Personal Services