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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 2 Percent change in variables from 1992 to 2008

From: Accounting for resource accumulation in Japanese prefectures: an environmental efficiency analysis

Region Prefecture Input Desirable output Undesirable output
Buildings Roads Private capital stock (%) Number of employees (%) Real gross regional product (%) CO2 emissions (%)
Hokkaido Hokkaido 20.4 24.7 32.3 −7.5 4.4 24.9
Tohoku Aomori 18.4 25.5 75.1 −9.4 23.6 14.4
Iwate 17.1 30.5 44.9 −12.6 23.8 7.7
Miyagi 22.0 40.9 38.2 −5.3 21.8 23.0
Akita 17.1 30.5 47.6 −16.0 32.1 17.6
Yamagata 14.1 30.6 41.2 −11.6 38.1 11.4
Fukushima 18.5 22.0 24.4 −11.2 36.0 15.5
Kanto Ibaraki 22.2 24.5 36.8 −2.0 35.0 15.4
Tochigi 23.1 31.0 31.4 −2.7 36.1 20.1
Gunma 18.9 25.7 38.7 −3.3 18.9 15.7
Saitama 33.3 21.3 44.9 10.7 23.7 18.5
Chiba 28.8 20.4 33.6 6.7 16.1 11.4
Tokyo 19.6 7.2 10.3 −4.4 20.1 20.9
Kanagawa 27.2 62.6 14.1 4.1 18.2 14.8
Chubu Niigata 11.7 23.5 25.4 −9.2 20.7 11.8
Toyama 14.7 25.5 26.5 −6.8 22.1 −16.8
Ishikawa 15.3 25.0 49.8 −3.8 23.1 −2.0
Fukui 9.9 21.6 21.7 −8.4 27.7 7.2
Yamanashi 24.3 24.2 40.8 −5.1 42.0 29.4
Nagano 16.4 29.4 26.4 −7.2 42.9 18.4
Gifu 17.1 26.1 49.1 −4.5 20.6 8.3
Shizuoka 14.9 15.6 38.8 −2.4 43.8 2.7
Aichi 16.0 41.9 41.8 4.7 32.2 13.5
Kinki Mie 20.8 31.9 58.6 1.6 55.4 5.4
Shiga 23.7 30.1 45.2 11.6 41.1 10.1
Kyoto 10.6 66.5 30.8 −3.9 22.5 11.6
Osaka 14.2 50.5 15.8 −9.1 6.6 1.9
Hyogo 23.0 39.3 27.6 −1.2 9.9 13.0
Nara 15.3 29.7 37.5 2.7 16.6 31.2
Wakayama 1.0 29.1 9.1 −10.9 6.9 2.9
Chugoku Tottori 13.7 27.1 36.3 −10.1 30.1 29.7
Shimane 13.8 38.3 77.7 −12.4 19.1 13.8
Okayama 12.6 27.4 24.7 −5.0 10.3 13.8
Hiroshima 12.1 44.7 24.3 −5.1 23.4 10.6
Yamaguchi 5.6 19.2 22.5 −11.1 8.5 9.3
Shikoku Tokushima 6.4 35.7 64.2 −11.5 32.8 −6.3
Kagawa 16.5 30.0 41.3 −8.4 9.6 −4.6
Ehime 8.9 40.5 26.2 −8.6 15.7 −2.1
Kochi 14.9 27.0 37.8 −14.6 9.6 0.8
Kyushu Fukuoka 22.0 54.7 43.8 1.5 19.9 −4.1
Saga 24.3 27.7 36.4 −2.4 39.6 9.8
Nagasaki 13.0 25.5 34.6 −7.9 21.3 2.7
Kumamoto 20.8 44.7 44.7 −4.0 30.8 17.0
Oita 12.8 33.1 54.1 −5.5 32.1 0.1
Miyazaki 15.1 28.1 45.5 −5.7 28.1 2.6
Kagoshima 15.9 22.4 38.9 −5.6 37.4 11.9
  Total 18.8 29.5 30.1 −3.3 22.0 11.1