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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 4 Changes in environmental efficiency in the 46 prefectures

From: Accounting for resource accumulation in Japanese prefectures: an environmental efficiency analysis

Region Prefecture ML all MLEFFCH all MLTECH all ML env MLEFFCH env MLTECH env
Hokkaido Hokkaido 1.125 0.884 1.273 0.998 1.004 0.993
Tohoku Aomori 1.092 0.934 1.170 0.921 1.000 0.921
Iwate 1.026 0.969 1.059 0.899 1.034 0.870
Miyagi 1.148 0.994 1.155 0.957 1.016 0.942
Akita 1.230 1.000 1.230 0.972 1.000 0.972
Yamagata 1.036 1.024 1.012 0.823 0.984 0.837
Fukushima 1.444 1.164 1.241 0.985 1.006 0.979
Kanto Ibaraki 1.381 1.079 1.281 0.995 1.000 0.995
Tochigi 1.293 1.076 1.202 0.967 1.001 0.966
Gunma 1.093 0.969 1.128 0.976 1.054 0.926
Saitama 0.922 0.901 1.023 0.902 1.074 0.840
Chiba 1.099 0.858 1.281 1.000 1.000 1.000
Tokyo 1.198 1.000 1.198 0.996 1.000 0.996
Kanagawa 1.147 0.900 1.274 0.999 1.000 0.999
Chubu Niigata 1.223 1.035 1.181 0.913 0.997 0.916
Toyama 1.260 1.001 1.258 1.003 1.013 0.991
Ishikawa 1.127 0.991 1.138 0.981 1.064 0.922
Fukui 1.280 1.051 1.218 0.946 1.000 0.946
Yamanashi 1.150 1.000 1.150 0.860 0.939 0.915
Nagano 1.129 1.065 1.060 0.796 0.903 0.881
Gifu 0.927 0.827 1.121 0.946 1.007 0.939
Shizuoka 1.425 1.137 1.253 0.995 1.002 0.994
Aichi 1.277 1.001 1.276 0.999 0.999 1.000
Kinki Mie 1.466 1.154 1.271 1.003 1.000 1.003
Shiga 1.221 1.000 1.221 1.009 1.000 1.009
Kyoto 0.820 0.925 0.887 0.975 1.066 0.914
Osaka 0.829 0.840 0.987 0.931 1.011 0.921
Hyogo 1.125 0.878 1.281 1.000 1.000 0.999
Nara 1.015 1.000 1.015 1.060 1.000 1.060
Wakayama 1.178 0.938 1.255 1.000 0.999 1.000
Chugoku Tottori na na na na na na
Shimane 1.052 0.971 1.083 0.894 1.061 0.842
Okayama 1.103 0.899 1.227 0.999 0.999 0.999
Hiroshima 1.226 1.008 1.216 1.000 0.999 1.000
Yamaguchi 1.184 0.945 1.253 1.000 1.000 1.000
Shikoku Tokushima 1.149 0.999 1.151 0.987 1.004 0.983
Kagawa 0.989 0.865 1.143 0.960 1.024 0.937
Ehime 1.033 0.932 1.108 1.000 1.000 1.000
Kochi na na na na na na
Kyushu Fukuoka 0.909 0.794 1.145 1.000 0.999 1.000
Saga 1.110 1.077 1.031 0.836 1.072 0.780
Nagasaki 0.862 0.955 0.903 0.975 1.025 0.951
Kumamoto 0.924 0.949 0.974 0.946 1.059 0.893
Oita 1.226 1.005 1.219 0.999 1.000 0.999
Miyazaki 0.864 0.944 0.916 0.893 1.025 0.872
Kagoshima 0.953 0.998 0.955 0.887 1.007 0.880
  Geometric mean 1.108 0.972 1.140 0.957 1.010 0.948