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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

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Table 1 Output and import multipliers and their percentage deviations

From: The static demand multipliers in a joint production framework: comparative findings for the Greek, Spanish and Eurozone economies

i GR SP EZ Percentage deviations \(\Delta_{y}^{i}\) Percentage deviations \(\Delta_{{Im}}^{i}\)
\(\Delta_{y}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{{Im}}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{y}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{{Im}}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{y}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{{Im}}^{i}\) EZ-GR (%) EZ-SP (%) EZ-GR (%) EZ-SP (%)
1 0.79 0.37 0.87 0.37 1.02 0.31 29.2 16.7 − 17.0 − 15.9
2 1.07 0.46 1.21 0.24 1.16 0.21 8.4 − 4.3 − 54.5 − 13.6
3 0.89 0.28 0.82 0.60 0.97 0.41 8.6 18.6 46.8 − 31.1
4 0.17 0.92 0.21 0.89 0.23 0.85 34.9 5.1 − 7.3 − 4.0
5 0.77 0.53 0.91 0.48 1.18 0.31 53.3 29.8 − 42.1 − 36.2
6 0.40 0.81 0.46 0.77 0.73 0.60 83.0 58.3 − 26.5 − 23.1
7 0.79 0.73 1.00 0.58 1.19 0.33 50.2 18.6 − 54.9 − 43.1
8 0.40 0.85 0.80 0.59 1.11 0.37 180.0 38.3 − 56.0 − 36.7
9 1.02 0.56 1.37 0.37 1.39 0.24 37.0 1.8 − 56.5 − 35.3
10 0.23 0.86 0.16 0.91 0.37 0.76 62.1 135.7 − 11.7 − 16.2
11 0.28 0.86 0.58 0.69 0.93 0.45 233.2 62.2 − 47.2 − 34.4
12 0.28 0.85 0.38 0.81 0.83 0.49 196.9 118.6 − 42.3 − 39.3
13 0.50 0.77 0.76 0.64 1.11 0.40 123.3 46.4 − 48.3 − 37.8
14 0.75 0.65 1.05 0.53 1.20 0.34 59.0 13.8 − 48.0 − 36.1
15 0.55 0.72 0.71 0.66 0.86 0.53 56.9 20.6 − 27.5 − 20.0
16 0.84 0.60 0.95 0.59 1.27 0.33 51.9 34.1 − 45.1 − 44.5
17 0.07 0.98 0.22 0.89 0.51 0.75 598.3 134.4 − 23.9 − 16.5
18 0.41 0.78 0.60 0.71 0.96 0.47 135.2 61.4 − 39.7 − 33.2
19 0.41 0.83 0.60 0.72 1.10 0.42 168.4 83.3 − 49.6 − 42.1
20 0.16 0.93 0.55 0.76 1.06 0.44 573.0 93.2 − 53.1 − 42.5
21 0.06 1.00 0.68 0.68 0.84 0.56 1217.9 24.1 − 43.7 − 17.3
22 0.44 0.78 0.75 0.66 0.95 0.48 114.1 26.2 − 38.4 − 26.2
23 0.99 0.13 1.29 0.38 1.39 0.28 40.4 7.9 115.0 − 27.0
24 0.77 0.49 0.88 0.40 0.94 0.37 21.2 7.0 − 25.9 − 8.6
25 1.33 0.37 1.24 0.35 1.33 0.17 0.2 7.8 − 54.8 − 52.3
26 1.02 0.43 1.02 0.50 1.29 0.24 26.7 27.4 − 45.2 − 52.6
27 1.04 0.40 1.30 0.36 1.40 0.22 34.2 7.3 − 45.7 − 39.8
28 1.24 0.24 1.32 0.37 1.50 0.20 21.2 13.7 − 18.2 − 46.1
29 1.16 0.39 1.47 0.33 1.41 0.19 20.9 − 4.1 − 50.8 − 41.9
30 1.31 0.29 1.51 0.27 1.49 0.16 13.7 − 0.8 − 45.7 − 41.6
31 1.12 0.35 1.18 0.42 1.37 0.24 22.3 16.6 − 31.7 − 43.3
32 0.91 0.36 1.09 0.40 1.11 0.28 21.5 1.5 − 21.5 − 30.1
33 0.84 0.50 1.06 0.54 1.01 0.47 20.8 − 4.8 − 7.0 − 13.5
34 0.50 0.74 1.32 0.36 1.29 0.27 159.0 − 2.2 − 63.8 − 24.9
35 1.26 0.48 1.71 0.39 1.67 0.26 32.9 − 2.5 − 46.8 − 35.0
36 1.05 0.33 1.25 0.30 1.33 0.18 27.5 6.3 − 44.4 − 39.1
37 1.00 0.54 1.19 0.46 1.36 0.21 35.5 13.8 − 61.6 − 55.7
38 1.09 0.47 1.25 0.34 1.28 0.21 17.5 2.0 − 55.1 − 37.4
39 1.16 0.24 1.05 0.29 1.18 0.20 1.8 11.8 − 16.5 − 30.8
40 1.10 0.42 1.38 0.41 1.50 0.23 36.5 8.7 − 44.6 − 42.6
41 1.25 0.36 1.44 0.31 1.36 0.19 8.8 − 5.3 − 47.3 − 38.9
42 0.97 0.43 1.30 0.24 1.39 0.21 43.2 7.1 − 51.9 − 13.1
43 1.33 0.29 1.30 0.26 1.42 0.18 6.4 9.7 − 37.3 − 32.2
44 1.34 0.18 1.09 0.07 0.50 − 0.03 − 62.6 − 54.2 − 115.6 − 138.0
45 1.25 0.29 1.43 0.33 1.34 0.21 7.3 − 6.7 − 28.3 − 36.3
46 1.11 0.31 1.37 0.38 1.40 0.21 25.5 1.6 − 29.8 − 43.7
47 1.31 0.43 1.41 0.30 1.39 0.32 6.6 − 1.2 − 25.5 7.9
48 1.20 0.36 1.37 0.39 1.25 0.27 4.5 − 8.7 − 23.8 − 30.8
49 1.16 0.33 1.43 0.30 1.13 0.24 − 3.0 − 21.1 − 25.4 − 19.0
50 1.00 0.32 0.89 0.43 0.91 0.30 − 8.4 2.1 − 5.4 − 29.2
51 1.70 0.39 1.91 0.39 1.89 0.20 11.5 − 1.0 − 49.0 − 49.2
52 1.15 0.38 1.26 0.38 1.32 0.23 14.7 4.9 − 39.7 − 40.2
53 1.43 0.37 1.53 0.46 1.50 0.23 5.0 − 1.9 − 37.2 − 49.6
54 1.50 0.35 1.68 0.34 1.67 0.19 11.1 − 0.7 − 46.9 − 45.9
55 1.66 0.35 1.77 0.36 1.87 0.18 12.6 5.7 − 48.1 − 48.7
56 1.18 0.29 1.52 0.41 1.55 0.17 31.3 1.8 − 42.1 − 58.3
57 1.25 0.53 1.56 0.39 1.81 0.19 45.4 15.8 − 63.9 − 50.3
58 1.06 0.20 1.32 0.28 1.37 0.18 29.0 4.2 − 12.3 − 37.3
59 1.37 0.37 1.57 0.36 1.48 0.17 8.1 − 6.1 − 55.6 − 54.0
60 1.37 0.43 1.54 0.44 1.75 0.20 27.2 13.9 − 53.2 − 54.6
61 0.96 0.15 1.34 0.45 1.41 0.22 46.5 5.0 43.3 − 52.1
62 1.33 0.21 1.18 0.29 1.25 0.13 − 5.9 6.5 − 40.2 − 55.5
63 1.93 0.45 2.02 0.41 2.11 0.20 9.6 4.6 − 56.9 − 52.3
TE 0.95 0.49 1.13 0.46 1.24 0.30 29.9 9.1 − 38.9 − 34.5