Skip to main content

The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Journal of Economic Structures Cover Image

Table 2 Employment multipliers, decomposition and percentage deviations

From: The static demand multipliers in a joint production framework: comparative findings for the Greek, Spanish and Eurozone economies

i GR SP EZ Percentage deviations \(\Delta_{L}^{i}\)
\(\Delta_{L}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{{L{\text{I}}}}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{{L{\text{II}}}}^{i} (\Delta_{L}^{i} )^{ - 1}\) (%) \(\Delta_{L}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{{L{\text{I}}}}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{{L{\text{II}}}}^{i} (\Delta_{L}^{i} )^{ - 1}\) (%) \(\Delta_{L}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{{L{\text{I}}}}^{i}\) \(\Delta_{{L{\text{II}}}}^{i} (\Delta_{L}^{i} )^{ - 1}\) (%) EZ-GR (%) EZ-SP (%)
1 57.7 69.2 − 19.9 22.8 26.6 − 17.1 27.6 28.7 − 4.1 − 52.2 21.2
2 81.9 100.8 − 23.1 28.0 25.1 10.4 20.3 17.2 15.5 − 75.2 − 27.4
3 23.4 25.9 − 10.7 21.0 27.6 − 31.2 21.2 22.4 − 5.7 − 9.1 1.1
4 3.2 17.4 − 446.3 3.4 15.0 − 346.2 2.6 9.3 − 259 − 18.4 − 23.1
5 28.9 40.6 − 40.3 18.0 20.8 − 15.7 23.2 20.4 12.0 − 19.8 29.0
6 13.7 37.6 − 174.6 10.1 23.0 − 128.4 14.9 21.0 − 41.1 9.0 47.9
7 41.8 66.5 − 58.8 23.7 25.6 − 8.0 49.5 50.8 − 2.7 18.2 108.7
8 10.6 28.0 − 164.0 13.2 16.1 − 22.2 17.8 14.8 16.7 67.8 34.5
9 29.3 30.0 − 2.5 27.6 21.4 22.5 25.8 18.3 29.0 − 11.9 − 6.7
10 3.0 15.6 − 422.4 1.9 14.2 − 633.1 4.6 9.7 − 113 52.8 135.5
11 6.6 24.4 − 268.9 7.5 12.4 − 65.6 13.1 12.1 8.0 98.7 76.0
12 6.2 22.0 − 253.1 4.3 9.9 − 127.6 10.6 10.7 − 0.5 70.3 144.0
13 12.2 24.6 − 102.0 12.8 16.3 − 27.3 18.6 15.7 15.8 52.9 45.0
14 18.1 22.3 − 22.9 19.1 17.9 6.0 20.5 15.7 23.2 12.9 7.1
15 11.3 21.0 − 85.8 11.3 15.2 − 34.7 13.8 14.1 − 2.3 22.0 21.8
16 21.6 26.2 − 21.3 17.7 18.4 − 3.9 22.7 17.3 23.8 5.1 27.8
17 1.8 23.4 − 1228.0 2.9 12.6 − 328.0 8.2 14.8 − 80.6 365.6 178.7
18 8.6 20.7 − 141.4 8.9 14.2 − 59.8 15.5 14.9 4.0 81.6 75.2
19 12.1 30.3 − 150.9 8.6 13.4 − 56.2 18.2 15.5 14.8 50.7 111.3
20 4.0 25.6 − 545.2 9.7 17.2 − 77.5 17.2 15.0 12.3 332.4 77.0
21 2.6 70.1 − 2553.2 9.8 13.6 − 39.7 14.0 15.6 − 11.6 430.1 43.4
22 17.7 44.3 − 150.3 16.7 23.8 − 42.5 19.5 21.6 − 11.1 9.8 16.7
23 9.8 9.7 0.8 22.3 17.0 24.0 24.2 16.8 30.5 146.7 8.3
24 10.1 13.0 − 28.8 8.2 9.6 − 17.5 9.7 8.3 14.6 − 3.8 18.6
25 25.8 17.7 31.5 18.3 13.8 24.5 17.7 11.4 35.5 − 31.5 − 3.4
26 17.6 15.9 10.0 17.7 17.3 2.3 20.6 14.9 27.8 16.7 16.3
27 30.5 29.4 3.6 23.7 18.3 22.7 26.1 18.7 28.3 − 14.4 10.5
28 28.9 22.9 20.8 25.9 20.1 22.2 29.5 20.3 31.1 2.3 14.2
29 25.5 21.0 17.7 30.2 22.4 26.0 23.4 15.8 32.3 − 8.4 − 22.6
30 50.2 42.3 15.6 41.2 32.5 21.1 37.5 28.5 24.1 − 25.2 − 9.1
31 30.3 26.9 11.2 23.9 20.6 13.9 24.3 17.0 30.0 − 19.8 1.9
32 12.3 13.5 − 10.4 16.1 14.0 13.3 14.6 11.4 21.6 19.1 − 9.3
33 14.3 15.8 − 10.5 16.7 14.7 12.0 15.9 13.6 14.4 11.1 − 5.0
34 9.3 16.5 − 78.1 22.6 17.0 24.9 20.5 14.7 28.5 121.1 − 9.3
35 33.8 26.7 21.2 44.0 31.9 27.4 37.2 25.5 31.4 10.1 − 15.4
36 32.8 33.6 − 2.7 23.7 19.6 17.1 28.3 22.4 20.8 − 13.6 19.5
37 21.3 19.8 6.9 19.4 15.7 19.1 20.6 13.8 32.8 − 3.4 6.0
38 28.0 26.3 6.1 17.7 13.1 25.9 18.2 12.7 30.2 − 35.2 2.3
39 10.2 5.4 47.3 9.7 8.0 17.9 13.9 10.1 27.7 37.0 43.6
40 24.9 21.7 12.8 24.1 17.5 27.4 24.1 14.7 38.9 − 3.0 0.0
41 18.3 10.9 40.7 17.9 10.0 44.3 16.9 9.8 41.8 − 7.9 − 5.7
42 17.6 16.2 7.8 17.8 12.5 29.3 20.2 12.8 36.7 15.0 13.7
43 37.1 28.8 22.2 23.2 18.1 22.0 23.1 15.3 33.7 − 37.7 − 0.6
44 8.9 0.8 91.4 5.8 4.2 28.0 − 0.9 7.8 1016 − 109.6 − 114.7
45 25.3 19.0 24.7 30.4 23.5 22.6 22.3 16.1 28.0 − 11.7 − 26.5
46 41.1 39.1 4.9 27.7 21.4 22.7 25.1 17.9 28.8 − 38.8 − 9.4
47 30.0 22.5 25.0 23.1 16.0 30.9 26.3 19.3 26.6 − 12.4 13.5
48 21.4 15.9 26.0 27.4 21.2 22.6 22.8 18.1 20.7 6.3 − 17.0
49 28.7 24.7 13.9 34.8 27.3 21.8 22.1 19.9 10.1 − 23.0 − 36.6
50 23.9 23.9 − 0.1 12.3 13.0 − 5.6 9.0 8.3 7.8 − 62.2 − 26.6
51 53.5 36.8 31.2 67.2 51.5 23.4 48.9 33.3 31.9 − 8.5 − 27.2
52 28.5 24.8 13.2 24.7 20.4 17.4 24.0 17.9 25.5 − 16.0 − 3.0
53 42.2 32.2 23.7 47.8 41.8 12.5 37.8 29.5 22.1 − 10.4 − 20.8
54 33.6 21.7 35.6 33.7 22.0 34.7 29.2 17.1 41.4 − 13.2 − 13.6
55 43.4 27.6 36.4 35.1 21.8 37.8 36.2 20.7 42.8 − 16.4 3.3
56 24.2 20.2 16.4 27.2 17.9 34.1 28.3 18.4 35.1 17.1 4.0
57 48.3 43.0 10.9 37.4 27.5 26.3 46.6 32.1 31.0 − 3.5 24.8
58 17.5 15.2 13.1 24.0 18.6 22.6 24.8 18.1 27.3 42.0 3.3
59 47.7 38.8 18.7 33.0 23.1 29.8 29.2 20.6 29.6 − 38.9 − 11.4
60 46.4 38.0 18.1 39.0 29.8 23.6 38.3 24.8 35.2 − 17.6 − 1.9
61 20.5 21.2 − 3.3 39.9 33.8 15.2 28.5 21.0 26.1 38.9 − 28.7
62 64.7 56.8 12.3 38.6 37.2 3.6 30.1 25.6 14.9 − 53.5 − 22.0
63 89.8 67.7 24.7 89.1 71.5 19.8 102.9 83.2 19.2 14.5 15.5
TE 26.1 28.7 − 10.1 23.2 20.8 10.5 23.8 19.0 20.3 − 8.9 2.4