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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

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Table 4 Sectoral multipliers and their percentage deviations from those of the total economy

From: The static demand multipliers in a joint production framework: comparative findings for the Greek, Spanish and Eurozone economies

  GR SP EZ
\(\bar{\Delta }_{y}^{i}\) \(\bar{\Delta }_{{Im}}^{i}\) \(\bar{\Delta }_{L}^{i}\) \(\bar{\Delta }_{y}^{i}\) \(\bar{\Delta }_{{Im}}^{i}\) \(\bar{\Delta }_{L}^{i}\) \(\bar{\Delta }_{y}^{i}\) \(\bar{\Delta }_{{Im}}^{i}\) \(\bar{\Delta }_{L}^{i}\)
Primary sector 0.92 (− 3.2%) 0.37 (− 24.5%) 54.3 (108.0%) 0.97 (− 14.2%) 0.40 (− 13.0%) 23.9 (3.0%) 1.05 (− 15.3%) 0.31 (3.3%) 23.1 (− 2.9%)
Industry 0.57 (− 40.0%) 0.70 (42.9%) 14.5 (− 44.4%) 0.77 (− 31.8%) 0.62 (34.8%) 13.2 (− 43.1%) 1.01 (− 18.5%) 0.43 (43.3%) 17.9 (− 24.8%)
Services 1.19 (25.3%) 0.36 (− 26.5%) 30.8 (18.0%) 1.36 (20.4%) 0.35 (− 23.9%) 29.3 (26.3%) 1.37 (10.5%) 0.22 (− 26.7%) 26.9 (13.0%)
Government activities 1.40 (47.4%) 0.38 (− 22.4%) 37.4 (43.3%) 1.63 (44.2%) 0.37 (− 19.6%) 33.4 (44.0%) 1.73 (39.5%) 0.18 (− 40.0%) 35.1 (47.5%)
TE 0.95 0.49 26.1 1.13 0.46 23.2 1.24 0.30 23.8