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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

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Table 5 Percentage deviations of the EZ sectoral multipliers from those of the Greek and Spanish economies

From: The static demand multipliers in a joint production framework: comparative findings for the Greek, Spanish and Eurozone economies

  Percentage deviations \(\bar{\Delta }_{y}^{i}\) Percentage deviations \(\bar{\Delta }_{{Im}}^{i}\) Percentage deviations \(\bar{\Delta }_{L}^{i}\)
EZ-GR (%) EZ-SP (%) EZ-GR (%) EZ-SP (%) EZ-GR (%) EZ-SP (%)
Primary sector 14.1 8.2 − 16.2 − 22.5 − 57.5 − 3.3
Industry 77.2 31.2 − 38.6 − 30.6 23.4 35.6
Services 15.1 0.7 − 38.8 − 37.1 − 12.7 − 8.2
Government activities 23.5 6.1 − 52.6 − 51.4 − 6.1 5.1
MAD 35.5 13.4 31.2 30.1 31.2 15.7
  1. The MAD refers to the three main sectors of the economies