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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 2 The effect of trade policy in overall on trade

From: The trade policy effect in international trade: case of Pakistan

VariablesExpected effectsLog-linear export modelLog-linear import model
lnGDPj(+)0.319***
(0.0508)
1.158***
(0.0803)
lnPOPj(+)− 0.301***
(0.0437)
0.105
(0.0691)
lnGDPi(+)0.976
(0.932)
0.0480
(1.473)
lnPOPi(+)− 1.011
(3.275)
− 0.844
(5.176)
lnDISTij(− )− 0.142
(0.127)
− 3.106***
(0.201)
lnNTBj(− )0.817***
(0.128)
− 0.457**
(0.202)
lnEPSi(±)1.199
(0.980)
− 0.273
(1.549)
lnEPSj(±)− 1.425***
(0.173)
0.0855
(0.274)
lnCOSTi(±)0.478
(0.296)
− 0.0407
(0.468)
lnCOSTj(±)− 0.0692*
(0.0363)
0.211***
(0.0574)
FTA(+)− 0.205
(0.246)
1.719***
(0.389)
CB(+)1.572***
(0.204)
− 2.133***
(0.322)
CL(+)1.216***
(0.134)
0.748***
(0.212)
Constant(+)3.457
(38.99)
21.01
(61.62)
Observations 150150
R-squared 0.7860.824
F test 38.3948.97
Root MSE 0.368920.5831
  1. Standard errors in parentheses ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1