Skip to main content

The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Journal of Economic Structures Cover Image

Table 1 Details of construct

From: The moderating role of entrepreneurship education in shaping entrepreneurial intentions

ConstructQuestionsSource
Demographic factors (DF)A1. Which is your field of study?Luiz and Mariotti (2011), Reynolds et al. (1994), Storey (1994), Delmar and Davidsson (2000), Grilo and Thurik (2005)
A2. In which age group you fall?
A3. What is your gender?
A4. Do you have work experience?
A5. Where is your father working?
A6. Have you completed entrepreneurship courses?Own thought
A7. What is your CGPA?Own thought
Attitude toward entrepreneurship (ATE)B1. Being an entrepreneur implies more advantages than disadvantages to meLiñán and Chen (2009)
B2. A career as entrepreneur is attractive for me
B3. If I had the opportunity and resources, I would like to start a firm
B4. Being an entrepreneur would entail great satisfaction for me
B5. Among various options, I would rather be an entrepreneur
B6. It is attractive for me to become an entrepreneurSolesvik et al. (2012), Liñán and Chen (2006)
Subjective norms (SNR)C1. My closest family members think that I should pursue a career as an entrepreneurLiñán and Chen (2009), Heuer and Kolvereid (2014), Liñán et al. (2011), Solesvik et al. (2012), Souitaris et al. (2007), Liñán and Chen (2006)
C2. My closest friends think that I should pursue a career as an entrepreneur
C3. People that are important to me think that I should pursue a career as an entrepreneur
C4. Most people in my country consider it acceptable to start own businessHeuer and Kolvereid (2014), Liñán et al. (2011)
C5. The culture in my country is highly favorable toward entrepreneurial activity
C6. The entrepreneur’s role in the economy is generally valued in my country
Self-efficacy (SEF)D1. To start a business and keep it working would be easy for meLiñán and Chen (2009), Solesvik et al. (2012), Souitaris et al. (2007), Liñán and Chen (2006)
D2. I am prepared to start a viable business
D3. As an entrepreneur, I would have sufficient control over my business
D4. I know the necessary practical details to start a firm
D5. I know how to develop an entrepreneurial project
D6. If I tried to start a firm, I would have a high probability of succeeding
Intentions toward entrepreneurship (ITE)E1. I am ready to do anything to start my own businessLiñán and Chen (2009), Dinis et al. (2013), Solesvik et al. (2012), Liñán and Chen (2006), Davidsson (1995)
E2. My professional goal is to start my own business
E3. I will make every effort to start and run my own firm
E4. I am determined to create a firm in the future
E5. I have very seriously thought of starting a firmLiñán and Chen (2009), Solesvik et al. (2012), Liñán and Chen (2006), Davidsson (1995)
E6. I intend to start a business within 5 years of graduationSolesvik et al. (2012), Liñán and Chen (2006), Davidsson (1995)
E7. I have thought of entrepreneurship as a career option
\