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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

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Table 4 Results of co-integration test between education expenditure and education output

From: Government expenditure on human capital and growth in Namibia: a time series analysis

Null hypothesisJtraceJmax
Education expenditure and adult literacy rate
 r =027.159 (0.005)17.131 (0.032)
 r =110.028 (0.034)10.028 (0.034)
Education expenditure and elderly literacy rate
 r = 018.105 (0.020)17.358 (0.016)
 r = 10.747 (0.388)0.747 (0.388)
Education expenditure and youth literacy rate
 r = 025.075 (0.001)24.789 (0.001)
 r = 10.286 (0.593)0.286 (0.593)
Education expenditure and primary net enrolment rate
 r = 031.686 (0.001)16.497 (0.04)
 r = 115.189 (0.003)15.189 (0.003)
Education expenditure and secondary gross enrolment rate
 r = 04.820 (0.828)4.773 (0.770)
 r = 10.0472 (0.827)0.0472 (0.827)
Education expenditure and secondary net enrolment rate
 r = 05.580 (0.745)5.577 (0.668)
 r = 10.002 (0.960)0.002 (0.960)
Education expenditure and tertiary gross enrolment rate
 r =026.114 (0.007)18.330 (0.020)
 r =17.784 (0.090)7.784 (0.090)
  1. p value is in the parentheses
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