Skip to main content

The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Journal of Economic Structures Cover Image

Table 3 Non-linear bidirectional Granger causality test

From: Dynamic correlation pattern amongst alternative energy market for diversification opportunities

 Pre-crisisCrisisPost-crisis
D1D2D3D4D1D2D3D4D1D2D3D4
World–developed
World–emerging   
World–EU
World–BRIC      
World–G7
Developed–emerging  
Developed–EU
Developed–BRIC     
Developed–G7
Emerging–EU   
Emerging–BRIC  
Emerging–G7  
EU–BRIC     
EU–G7 
BRIC–G7