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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

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Table 2 Distribution of efficiency score of cocoa production in Ghana

From: Do farm-level technical efficiency and welfare complement each other? Insight from Ghana’s cocoa industry

Efficiency rangeOTEPTESE
Freq.%Freq.%Freq.%
20–30%19438.416265.14910520.792
31–406312.475377.327448.713
41–506813.465407.921499.703
51–605110.0995310.495458.911
61–70367.129418.1195510.891
71–80265.149316.1397013.861
81–90203.960285.545448.713
> 90 < 100183.564397.7235611.089
Efficient (= 100)295.742621041.5842377.327
Efficiency measures
 Mean score 0.444 0.767 0.584
 Standard deviation 0.261 0.257 0.273
 Minimum 0.054 0.206 0.058
 Maximum 1 1 1
 Mean inefficiency 0.556 0.233 0.416
 Efficiency interval (0.183; 0.705) (0.510; 1.024) (0.311; 0.87)
Return-to-scale (%)
 Increasing RTS68.713     
 Decreasing RTS24.951     
 Constant RTS6.337     
  1. OTE, PTE and SE denote overall technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency, respectively