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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 9 Definitions of criteria and sub-criteria in the AHP model.

From: Sustainable livelihood alternatives among Nile perch (Lates niloticus) fishers in Lake Victoria Tanzania: analytical hierarchy process (AHP) approach

Strategic criteria


Descriptions of the criteria


Sustainable environmental practices in the lakes

This is defined as the rates of renewable resource harvest which is fish in this case, that can be continued indefinitely in Lake Victoria

Coping effectively with environmental vulnerability

In this case it refers to the ability (of a system or a unit) to withstand the effects of a hostile environment which may affect the fishing activities in the lake

Governance and lakes management

Governance refers to the structures, functions, processes, and organizational behaviors that have been put in place with respect to fishing activities in the lakes. Management here refers to the day-to-day operation of the fishing activities with respect to strategies, policies, processes, and procedures that have been established by the governments in Tanzania


Employment creation

It refers to the process of providing new jobs, especially for people who are unemployed around the lakes

Affordable credit access

This refers to the ability to access affordable credit by artisanal through private sector-led growth or public sector to grow and expand their fishing businesses

Infrastructural development

In this study, fishing infrastructure is the basic physical system which can support the fishing activities to take place smoothly; it involves transportation, communication, sewage, water and electric systems for artisanal to store and add value of their fish catch


Household food security

FAO (2017) defined food security [as] a situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. In this study it refers to the system in which fishery sector can support the food security of Nile perch fishers


Gorur (2015) defined education and training refers to all organized, systematic education and training activities in which people take part in order to obtain knowledge and/or learn new skills for current job. In this case, artisanal fishers require proper education and training to improve their fishing practices

Laws and regulations

These are rules of order having the force of law, prescribed by a government in Tanzania, relating to the actions under the control and sustainability of fishing activities in the lakes


Improved flexible and diverse fishing practices

This refers to improved fishing techniques for catching more and sustainable fish in Lake Victoria

Research and development

In this study, it refers to the investigative fishing activities to improve existing fishing practices in Lake Victoria Tanzania


Refers to the process of translating an idea or invention into a good sustainable fishing practices that create value for the livelihood of the Nile perch fishers