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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 9 Definitions of criteria and sub-criteria in the AHP model.

From: Sustainable livelihood alternatives among Nile perch (Lates niloticus) fishers in Lake Victoria Tanzania: analytical hierarchy process (AHP) approach

Strategic criteriaSub-criteriaDescriptions of the criteria
EnvironmentSustainable environmental practices in the lakesThis is defined as the rates of renewable resource harvest which is fish in this case, that can be continued indefinitely in Lake Victoria
Coping effectively with environmental vulnerabilityIn this case it refers to the ability (of a system or a unit) to withstand the effects of a hostile environment which may affect the fishing activities in the lake
Governance and lakes managementGovernance refers to the structures, functions, processes, and organizational behaviors that have been put in place with respect to fishing activities in the lakes. Management here refers to the day-to-day operation of the fishing activities with respect to strategies, policies, processes, and procedures that have been established by the governments in Tanzania
EconomicEmployment creationIt refers to the process of providing new jobs, especially for people who are unemployed around the lakes
Affordable credit accessThis refers to the ability to access affordable credit by artisanal through private sector-led growth or public sector to grow and expand their fishing businesses
Infrastructural developmentIn this study, fishing infrastructure is the basic physical system which can support the fishing activities to take place smoothly; it involves transportation, communication, sewage, water and electric systems for artisanal to store and add value of their fish catch
SocialHousehold food securityFAO (2017) defined food security [as] a situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. In this study it refers to the system in which fishery sector can support the food security of Nile perch fishers
Education/trainingGorur (2015) defined education and training refers to all organized, systematic education and training activities in which people take part in order to obtain knowledge and/or learn new skills for current job. In this case, artisanal fishers require proper education and training to improve their fishing practices
Laws and regulationsThese are rules of order having the force of law, prescribed by a government in Tanzania, relating to the actions under the control and sustainability of fishing activities in the lakes
TechnologyImproved flexible and diverse fishing practicesThis refers to improved fishing techniques for catching more and sustainable fish in Lake Victoria
Research and developmentIn this study, it refers to the investigative fishing activities to improve existing fishing practices in Lake Victoria Tanzania
InnovationsRefers to the process of translating an idea or invention into a good sustainable fishing practices that create value for the livelihood of the Nile perch fishers