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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

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Table 1 Augmented Dickey–Fuller unit root test

From: Boundaries on Turkish export-oriented industrialization

Variables t-Statistic Prob. Order of integration
Log gross fixed capital formation (at current prices-thousand TL) (GFI) − 3.84 .0057* I (1)
Log export (at current prices-million $)  − 7.7 .0000* I (1)
Log import (at current prices-million $) − 3.80 .0061* I (1)
Log capacity utilization rate (%-seasonally adjusted) (CU) − 3.47 .0141* I (1)
Log private sector foreign debt (million $) (PSFD) − 3.9 .0039* I (1)
Log commercial interest rate (CIR) − 4.24 .0017* I (1)
  1. * The series are stationary at according to ADF Unit root test at 5% significance level