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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 3 The augmented Dickey–Fuller test results for stationarity (Unit roots test)

From: Uganda’s experience with debt and economic growth: an empirical analysis of the effect of public debt on economic growth—1980–2016

Variable Stationarity (levels) Stationarity (1st differences)   Status
No trend With trend No trend With Trend  
GDP − 4.20**   I(0) I(0)
DEBT_G − 5.361***     I(0)
K_F − 4.46** I(1)
TO    − 4.44** I(1)
RIR − 6.733*** I(1)
HC − 5.29***   I(1)
POPN − 4.24**   I(1)
INF − 3.87* I(1)
DEBT_X − 4.44** I(1)
  1. p values of coefficients: ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05 and *p < 0.1