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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 2 Output effects of a decline in UK import demand for final goods from the EU (no-deal Brexit) by country

From: International trade barriers and regional employment: the case of a no-deal Brexit

Country Direct Indirect Total Total
In relation to gross output (in %) In relation to value added (in%)
AUS 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01
AUT 0.10 0.21 0.31 0.24
BEL 0.46 0.37 0.83 0.62
BGR 0.07 0.16 0.23 0.20
BRA 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.01
CAN 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01
CHE 0.00 0.08 0.08 0.07
CHN 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.01
CYP 0.15 0.44 0.59 0.47
CZE 0.26 0.42 0.68 0.52
DEU 0.29 0.32 0.61 0.49
DNK 0.28 0.26 0.54 0.39
ESP 0.21 0.24 0.45 0.31
EST 0.06 0.12 0.18 0.16
FIN 0.04 0.11 0.16 0.12
FRA 0.18 0.22 0.40 0.30
GBR 0.00 0.08 0.08 0.07
GRC 0.06 0.06 0.13 0.11
HRV 0.09 0.13 0.22 0.21
HUN 0.22 0.34 0.56 0.42
IDN 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.01
IND 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01
IRL 1.82 0.56 2.38 1.87
ITA 0.15 0.24 0.38 0.29
JPN 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01
KOR 0.00 0.03 0.03 0.02
LTU 0.11 0.15 0.27 0.22
LUX 0.15 0.34 0.50 0.39
LVA 0.06 0.13 0.19 0.16
MEX 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01
MLT 4.25 1.73 5.98 5.09
NLD 0.29 0.34 0.63 0.51
NOR 0.00 0.08 0.08 0.08
POL 0.23 0.35 0.58 0.50
PRT 0.17 0.20 0.37 0.26
ROU 0.09 0.18 0.28 0.24
RUS 0.00 0.04 0.04 0.04
SVK 0.44 0.46 0.90 0.64
SVN 0.06 0.20 0.26 0.21
SWE 0.11 0.19 0.30 0.25
TUR 0.00 0.06 0.06 0.05
TWN 0.00 0.04 0.04 0.03
USA 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.02
EU-27 0.25 0.27 0.53 0.40
  1. The table shows estimated direct and indirect output effects of a decline in British final goods imports due to tariffs and non-tariff trade costs after a no-deal Brexit derived from input–output analysis. General-equilibrium effects and other relevant channels such as trade diversion are not included. Source: World Input–Output Database, data for 2014, own calculations