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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 1 Changes in the composition of the Kuwaiti economy (2013–2018).

From: Diversifying a resource-dependent economy: private–public relationships in the Kuwaiti economy

  2013 levels Growth rates (%)* Sectoral shares (%)
2013 2016–2019**
GDP (GDP in billion KD (at constant 2010 prices))
 Sectors
       Total 70.0 − 5.6 100.0 100.0
       Oil 37.1 − 40.1 53.0 33.7
       Non-oil 32.9 33.3 47.0 66.3
 Ownership
       Total 70.0 − 6.3 100.0 100.0
       Public 53.2 − 21.1 76.0 64.0
       Private 16.8 40.5 24.0 36.0
Employment (thousands)
    Public
        Total 439 5.9 100.0 100.0
        Nationals 309 11.6 70.4 74.2
        Expatriates 130 − 7.7 29.6 25.8
    Private
       Total 1889 30.5 100.0 100.0
       Nationals 89 − 27.8 4.7 2.6
       Expatriates 1800 33.4 95.3 97.4
  1. *Sectors 2013–2018, ownership 2013–2016, employment 2013–2019
  2. **Sectors 2018, ownership 2016, employment 2019