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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 3 Direct normalized linkages.

From: Diversifying a resource-dependent economy: private–public relationships in the Kuwaiti economy

Code Description Backward Forward
PB40I Electricity 2.9 0.6
PB41I Water 2.8 1.0
PB23I Petroleum 2.6 1.0
PB67I Finance-related services 2.4 0.1
PR63I Transport services 2.1 2.4
PB62I Air transport 2.1 0.8
PR72I Computer and related activities 1.9 0.7
PR24I Chemical products 1.7 1.7
PR62I Air transport 1.7 0.4
PB24I Chemical products 1.6 0.7
PR1014I Mining and quarrying 1.5 1.8
PB74I Other business activities 1.5 1.0
PR45I Construction 1.3 0.4
PR64I Post and telecommunications 1.2 1.0
PB90I Sewage and sanitation services 1.2 0.0
PR25I Rubber and plastics 1.2 1.9
PB1516I Food products, beverages and tobacco 1.2 1.5
PR67I Finance-related services 1.2 0.9
PR9799I Extraterritorial organizations 1.2 0.1
PR37I Recycling 1.2 0.8
PR0105I Agriculture and fishing 1.1 1.0
PR60I Land transport 1.1 2.1
PR50I Retail sale and maintenance of automotive fuel 1.1 0.7
PR92I Recreational, cultural and sporting activities 1.1 2.1
PR52I Retail trade 1.0 0.8
PR55I Hotels and restaurants 1.0 1.3
PR93I Activities of private households for own use 1.0 0.0
PR26I Non-metallic minerals 1.0 2.1
PR1516I Food products and beverages 0.9 0.7
PB92I Recreational, cultural and sporting activities 0.9 0.7
PR22I Publishing 0.9 2.0
PR18I Wearing apparel 0.9 0.0
PR21I Paper products 0.9 1.5
PR3233I Medical and precision instrument 0.9 0.5
PR23I Petroleum 0.9 2.8
PR91I Activities of membership organizations n.e.c 0.9 0.1
PR19I Leather 0.9 0.6
PR74I Other business activities 0.8 1.5
PR66I Insurance and pension funding 0.8 0.2
PR35I Transport equipment 0.8 0.3
PR17I Manufacture of textiles 0.8 0.2
PR31I Electrical equipment 0.7 0.3
PR28I Fabricated metals 0.7 0.9
PR90I Sewage and sanitation services 0.7 2.7
PB60I Land transport 0.7 1.7
PB52I Retail trade 0.7 0.8
PB85I Health and social work 0.6 0.0
PR51I Wholesale trade 0.6 1.2
PR80I Education 0.6 0.2
PR85I Health and social work 0.6 2.3
PR27I Basic metals 0.6 1.9
PR2930I Machinery and equipment 0.6 1.4
PB70I Real estate activities 0.6 0.8
PB75I Public administration 0.5 0.0
PR65I Financial intermediation 0.5 1.7
PB91I Activities of membership organizations n.e.c 0.5 0.0
PR71I Renting of machinery and equipment 0.5 2.5
PR36I Furniture 0.5 0.2
PR20I Wood products 0.4 1.8
PR34I Motor vehicles 0.4 0.3
PB65I Financial intermediation 0.3 1.5
PB61I Water transport 0.3 0.1
PR61I Water transport 0.3 0.1
PR70I Real estate activities 0.2 0.5
PB80I Education 0.2 0.0
PB55I Hotels and restaurants 0.2 1.1
PB1014I Mining and quarrying 0.1 0.8
  1. *A Kuwaiti dinar (KD) is equivalent to US$ 3.3