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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 4 Output multipliers.

From: Diversifying a resource-dependent economy: private–public relationships in the Kuwaiti economy

ISIC Descriptions Public Private Ratio
A B C = (B/A)
01–05 Agriculture and Fishing 1.000 1.478  
10–14 Mining and Quarrying 1.048 1.753 1.672
15–16 Food products, beverages and tobacco 1.636 1.524 0.932
17 Manufacture of textiles 1.000 1.455  
18 Wearing apparel 1.000 1.480  
19 Leather 1.000 1.551  
20 Wood products 1.000 1.245  
21 Paper products 1.000 1.537  
22 Publishing 1.000 1.471  
23 Petroleum 2.113 1.507 0.713
24 Chemical products 1.987 2.209 1.112
25 Rubber and plastics 1.000 1.766  
26 Non-metallic minerals 1.000 1.582  
27 Basic metals 1.000 1.335  
28 Fabricated metals 1.000 1.384  
29–30 Machinery and equipment 1.000 1.355  
31 Electrical equipment 1.000 1.353  
32–33 Medical and precision instrument 1.000 1.537  
34 Motor vehicles 1.000 1.273  
35 Transport equipment 1.000 1.354  
36 Furniture 1.000 1.310  
37 Recycling 1.000 1.581  
40 Electricity 2.924 1.000  
41 Water 2.835 1.000  
45 Construction 1.000 1.739  
50 Retail sale and maintenance of automotive fuel 1.000 1.603  
51 Wholesale trade 1.000 1.307  
52 Retail trade 1.472 1.532 1.041
55 Hotels and restaurants 1.115 1.536 1.378
60 Land transport 1.465 1.578 1.077
61 Water transport 1.180 1.185 1.005
62 Air transport 2.374 1.921 0.809
63 Transport services 1.000 2.435  
64 Post and telecommunications 1.000 1.623  
65 Financial intermediation 1.126 1.232 1.094
66 Insurance and pension funding 1.000 1.375  
67 Finance-related services 2.109 1.660 0.787
70 Real estate activities 1.442 1.125 0.781
71 Renting of machinery and equipment 1.000 1.244  
72 Computer and related activities 1.000 1.828  
74 Other business activities 1.626 1.407 0.866
75 Public administration 1.344 1.000  
80 Education 1.137 1.329 1.170
85 Health and social work 1.334 1.313 0.984
90 Sewage and sanitation services 1.600 1.345 0.840
91 Activities of membership organizations n.e.c 1.346 1.494 1.110
92 Recreational, cultural and sporting activities 1.513 1.667 1.101
93 Activities of private households for own use 1.000 1.611  
95–96 Activities of private households as employers of domestic staff 1.000 1.000  
97–99 Extraterritorial organizations 1.000 1.658