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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 6 Feedback effects in public and private sector multipliers.

From: Diversifying a resource-dependent economy: private–public relationships in the Kuwaiti economy

ISIC Descriptions Public Private
Isolated Feedback % Isolated Feedback %
A B C = (B−A) /A*100 D E F = (E−D)
/D*100
01–05 Agriculture and Fishing 1.00 1.000 1.421 1.426 0.35
10–14 Mining and Quarrying 1.00 1.007 0.25 1.604 1.617 0.85
15–16 Food products, beverages and tobacco 1.18 1.221 3.86 1.314 1.334 1.55
17 Manufacture of textiles 1.00 1.000 1.307 1.317 0.77
18 Wearing apparel 1.00 1.000 1.250 1.265 1.13
19 Leather 1.00 1.000 1.362 1.378 1.18
20 Wood products 1.00 1.000 1.115 1.123 0.73
21 Paper products 1.00 1.000 1.417 1.429 0.89
22 Publishing 1.00 1.000 1.360 1.370 0.69
23 Petroleum 1.94 1.952 0.57 1.400 1.410 0.74
24 Chemical products 1.43 1.472 2.62 2.105 2.128 1.08
25 Rubber and plastics 1.00 1.000 1.632 1.649 1.04
26 Non-metallic minerals 1.00 1.000 1.454 1.464 0.69
27 Basic metals 1.00 1.000 1.242 1.248 0.54
28 Fabricated metals 1.00 1.000 1.254 1.264 0.75
29–30 Machinery and equipment 1.00 1.000 1.270 1.277 0.54
31 Electrical equipment 1.00 1.000 1.296 1.302 0.46
32–33 Medical and precision instrument 1.00 1.000 1.273 1.290 1.35
34 Motor vehicles 1.00 1.000 1.130 1.139 0.83
35 Transport equipment 1.00 1.000 1.305 1.309 0.29
36 Furniture 1.00 1.000 1.207 1.215 0.64
37 Recycling 1.00 1.000 1.501 1.507 0.40
40 Electricity 2.74 2.753 0.50 1.000 1.000
41 Water 2.65 2.660 0.52 1.000 1.000
45 Construction 1.00 1.000 1.553 1.567 0.94
50 Retail sale and maintenance of automotive fuel 1.00 1.000 1.324 1.342 1.32
51 Wholesale trade 1.00 1.000 1.209 1.217 0.68
52 Retail trade 1.29 1.308 1.16 1.330 1.345 1.11
55 Hotels and restaurants 1.02 1.033 0.80 1.341 1.363 1.69
60 Land transport 1.30 1.314 1.06 1.339 1.360 1.54
61 Water transport 1.09 1.102 0.64 1.088 1.098 0.93
62 Air transport 1.96 2.000 1.88 1.357 1.401 3.28
63 Transport services 1.00 1.000 2.262 2.281 0.87
64 Post and telecommunications 1.00 1.000 1.573 1.578 0.28
65 Financial intermediation 1.02 1.028 0.73 1.160 1.166 0.56
66 Insurance and pension funding 1.00 1.000 1.294 1.300 0.49
67 Finance-related services 1.16 1.226 5.37 1.390 1.411 1.49
70 Real estate activities 1.26 1.281 1.37 1.075 1.078 0.34
71 Renting of machinery and equipment 1.00 1.000 1.157 1.164 0.66
72 Computer and related activities 1.00 1.000 1.558 1.581 1.48
74 Other business activities 1.06 1.098 3.14 1.289 1.299 0.77
75 Public administration 1.17 1.188 1.26 1.000 1.000 -
80 Education 1.05 1.057 0.68 1.201 1.212 0.85
85 Health and social work 1.08 1.099 2.10 1.199 1.209 0.82
90 Sewage and sanitation services 1.05 1.092 3.94 1.252 1.260 0.63
91 Activities of membership organizations n.e.c 1.22 1.229 0.98 1.302 1.321 1.53
92 Recreational, cultural and sporting activities 1.20 1.239 3.39 1.314 1.349 2.71
93 Activities of private households for own use 1.00 1.000 1.254 1.277 1.79
95–96 Activities of private households as employers of domestic staff 1.00 1.000 1.000 1.000
97–99 Extraterritorial organizations 1.00 1.000 1.359 1.398 2.82