Skip to main content

The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 5 Foreign penetration

From: Foreign direct investment and productivity spillovers: a firm-level analysis of Bangladesh in comparison with Vietnam

Industry Vietnam Bangladesh
Foreign penetration in terms of number of firms Foreign penetration in terms of sales Foreign penetration in terms of number of firms Foreign penetration in terms of sales
Food and tobacco 10.6% 42.7% 0.3% 0.2%
Textile and garments 21.0% 31.8% 3.5% 6.2%
Leather 16.7% 35.8% 2.7% 12.7%
Wood 6.3% 20.4% 0.0% 0.0%
Paper and printing 6.2% 7.1% 0.0% 0.0%
Refined petroleum 40.0% 23.9% 20.0% 3.8%
Chemical 12.2% 5.9% 4.5% 6.6%
Rubber and plastic 13.1% 20.6% 0.0% 0.0%
Non-metallic mineral 7.1% 25.1% 2.2% 0.4%
Basic metal and fabricated metal 13.1% 43.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Machinery 16.8% 72.6% 2.4% 7.1%
Electric and electronic 19.2% 44.7% 7.4% 24.5%
Transport machine 22.9% 57.4% 5.9% 35.3%
Furniture, recycling 6.7% 4.1% 2.5% 7.0%
Construction 0.7% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0%
Service of motor vehicle 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Wholesale 3.4% 12.5% 3.7% 0.0%
Retail 1.3% 0.5% 1.5% 6.5%
Hotel and restaurant 4.3% 0.4% 0.0% 0.0%
Transport, post, communication 8.5% 54.3% 0.0% 0.0%
IT 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%