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The Official Journal of the Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS)

Table 8 Descriptive statistics

From: Innovation, firm productivity, and export survival: firm-level evidence from ASEAN developing countries

Variables Obs Mean Std. Dev Min Max
R&D expenditure 807 0.146 0.354 0 1
HHI index 1431 0.104 0.085 0.058 0.442
MH 1448 0.188 0.391 0 1
ASEAN (log) 1256 2.638 0.871 0.531 4.198
Export status 1448 0.260 0.439 0 1
New entry firm 1448 0.079 0.269 0 1
Non-exporter 1448 0.698 0.459 0 1
Continuing exporting firm 1448 0.137 0.344 0 1
Exit firm 1448 0.086 0.281 0 1
Employment (log) 1430 3.955 1.609 0 9.324
Age (log) 1425 2.952 0.549 0 4.771
%Foreign ownership 1444 0.127 0.316 0 1
Process innovation 735 0.369 0.483 0 1
Product innovation 817 0.234 0.423 0 1
Number of education years 942 7.972 3.604 0 24
TFP (log) 838 2.423 0.208 1.389 3.098
Imported licensed technology 1375 0.173 0.378 0 1
Value added (log) 1149 19.920 3.269 11.462 30.560
  1. Source: author’s calculations using the WBES